Updated: Nov 10, 2020
The chickpea, scientifically named Cicer Arietinum is a seed of the legume plant which contains one or two seeds per pod. Over eighty percent of chickpeas are grown in India and included in many Mediterranean dishes. Chickpeas are also referred to as Garbanzo Beans which is the Spanish term meaning "dry seed." These legumes have been around since the ninth century and used to be grown and guarded in imperial demesne lands controlled by the lord of the manor. A manor is usually an estate consisting of a large agricultural space; lords who owned these manors were normally of high social status. Chickpeas contain the least amount of starch when compared to most other options such as black beans, english peas and others. These nourishing legumes can be cooked by soaking them for 8 hours, simmered for about an hour and a half afterwards and then seasoned to taste.
What makes chickpeas an essential for a healthy body?
Chickpeas contain a significant amount of prebiotic fiber which is like the fuel for probiotic microorganisms. Probiotics microorganisms live in the digestive system and help to reduce diarrhea and yeast infections. My first time seeing probiotics was in the form of a capsule that individuals consumed daily for the prevention of certain infections. Later, I learned that probiotics could also be found in certain consumable items such as Mangos, Apple Cider Vinegar or Sauerkraut. Since prebiotics are essential to stimulate the growth of probiotics then it is necessary to consume both, I am not big on capsules so I would prefer taking them in by food choices. One cup of cooked chickpeas mixed with celery, red onions and agave syrup with a mango smoothie on the side would be a tasty prebiotic/probiotic combination. Canned chickpeas contain a lower amount of prebiotics than the dry seed.
Below I created a table similar to the periodic table of elements which include all vitamin and mineral amounts for a cup of boiled chickpeas. This chart can useful when tracking your daily nutritional intake.